The use of various forms of meditation and mindfulness techniques in addiction recovery is gaining increasing attention both from addiction specialists and the wider scientific community. Because of this, a growing body of research supports the use of meditation and similar techniques for addiction recovery and relapse prevention.
In 2008, researchers investigated the efficacy of using meditation for relapse prevention. The 16-week pilot study featured 19 alcohol-dependent people who had passed an intensive outpatient program. Of them, 15 then completed an 8-week meditation course, which included at-home meditation and standard of care therapy. Researchers measured the effects of meditation using biological markers as well as questionnaires. Those who completed the trial meditated on average for 4.6 days each week and were abstinent on 94.5% of study days. 47% reported total abstinence. Depression, anxiety, stress, cravings, and relapse triggers all decreased over time, while the degree of mindfulness increased. In the questionnaires, participants rated meditation courses as "very important" and a "useful relapse prevention tool", and many reported that they would likely continue meditating in the future.