A 2007 study investigated the use of mindfulness meditation in adults and adolescents diagnosed with ADHD. The majority of participants reported that they were very satisfied with the training, and saw noticeable improvements in symptoms and performance on tasks designed to measure attentiveness and cognitive capabilities. Reductions in depression and anxiety were also reported. A similar study conducted in 2013 looked at using mindfulness meditation in adults with ADHD. Participants reported improvement in executive functioning, ADHD symptoms, and emotional regulation.
Mindfulness meditation is often taught to parents of ADHD children as well as the children themselves. This was done in a 2011 study, which followed the progress of ADHD children aged 8-12 and their parents over an 8-week training course in mindfulness meditation. At the end of the study, parents reported that their children had shown significant decreases in ADHD behavior as well as an increase in attentiveness. Additionally, the parents themselves felt less stressed and more comfortable.
Mindfulness meditation may also be used in combination with other forms of meditation. After teaching mindfulness meditation and transcendental meditation to a group of children aged 6-18, researchers deemed meditation of both varieties an "effective intervention in the treatment of physiologic, psychosocial, and behavioral conditions among youth."